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CSR and ESG: What are these acronyms?

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Recent years have been punctuated by discussions around sustainability. Under this concept, there is the expectation for corporates to act to minimise their impact on our planet. As such, more and more organisations have been developing Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) or Environmental Social Governance (ESG) strategies.

What are CSR and ESG?

CSR refers to the efforts of businesses to operate in a manner that is ethical, sustainable, and responsible. This includes considering the impact of their operations on stakeholders such as employees, customers, the community, and the environment.

CSR initiatives can take many forms, including charitable giving, philanthropy, and community involvement. They can also involve efforts to reduce the environmental impact of a company’s operations. This can take the form of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, conserving resources, and promoting sustainable practices.

ESG factors refer to the non-financial aspects of a company’s operations that can impact its long-term financial performance. These factors include environmental impacts, social responsibility, and corporate governance.

The business case for choosing a CSR or ESG strategy

Adopting CSR practices can have numerous benefits for businesses. It can help to improve a company’s reputation and build trust with customers, employees, and other stakeholders. CSR initiatives can also lead to cost savings by improving energy efficiency and reducing waste.

Similarly, ESG factors are increasingly being taken into consideration by investors. These allow better understanding the full range of risks and opportunities associated with a company. This is because ESG factors can have a significant impact on a company’s financial performance, both positive and negative.

For example, a company with strong environmental practices may be less exposed to regulatory risks. A competitive advantage in attracting and retaining customers may be another benefit of an ESG strategy. On the other hand, a company with poor environmental practices may face significant costs and reputational risks.

Employee engagement

A CSR or ESG strategy can help to attract and retain top talent. Employees are increasingly looking for companies that align with their values and are committed to making a positive impact on the world. CSR and ESG can also help to foster a sense of purpose and meaning within a company. In turn, this can contribute to employee engagement and satisfaction.

Good corporate governance is also important for the long-term financial performance of a company. This includes having clear and transparent decision-making processes, effective risk management, and responsible leadership.

The risks of greenwashing

While environmental initiatives can bring numerous benefits, it is important for businesses to be genuine and authentic in their efforts. These should be integrated into the core values and operations of a company. They should not be treated as a superficial marketing tactic.


Environmental strategies are an important aspect of business that involve operating in an ethical, sustainable, and responsible manner. Adopting CSR or ESG practices can bring numerous benefits for businesses, including improved reputation, cost savings, and employee satisfaction. It is important for businesses to be authentic and genuine in their environmental efforts.

If you would like to find out more about how you can develop an environmental strategy, please get in touch with one of the members of the Plannet Zero team.




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